Ethiopia

UMC/IMCA along with United States Agency for International Development (USAID) organized a study tour to India for an Ethiopian delegation to study urban growth. Once among the poorest nations of the world, ravaged by civil war and famine, Ethiopia is now one of the fastest growing economies of the world with rapidly developing cities. Large scale migration of rural population to urban areas and haphazard rapid urban growth have resulted in urbanization issues like shortage of housing, lack of water, electricity, sewerage issues and a weak health sector. The aim of the study tour was to acquaint the delegation with best practices in urban local bodies in India, with special emphasis on public private partnership initiatives.

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The ICMA-TAF teams coordinated with respective CLG and ACLG offices to set up 12 GGRCs at Kandy, Batticaloa, Galle, Ampara, Hambantota, Trincomalee, Nuwara Eliya and Matara, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Kurunegala and a mother GGRC at the Sri Lanka Institute of Local Self Government (SLILG). UMC’s documentation of leading practices from the South Asian region provided reference material for Sri Lankan local authorities.

Navsari

One of the oldest cities of Gujarat state, Navsari is a class A municipality. The Ethiopian delegation was given a detailed presentation on the Navsari Nagarpalika. The presentation included information on the model adopted for public participation for ring road development, creation and maintenance of public gardens, traffic circles, footpath and block paving work and other social infrastructure. Local civic bodies arranged a presentation on the general financial management, budgeting and accounting reforms of the local bodies in Navsari to explain and share the experience of migrating from single entry cash based system to double entry accrual based accounting system. The Ethiopian delegation also studied the best practices of Navsari like rain water harvesting and area beautification through rehabilitation of slum people, routing biodegradable waste through bio gas plant to generate electricity, housing for urban poor under the Valmiki Ambedkar Avas scheme in terms of Central, State and Public finance. The team studied the initiative of private partnership in solid waste management for door-to-door collection and campaigns initiated for a plastic-free Navsari. The Ethiopian delegation was given an opportunity to study Navsari city civic centre, one of the most valuable initiatives of the city. The urban local body shared lessons on complaints redressal, tax bill collection, providing new connections and withdrawal of connections while city engineers explained the system of customer services and details of slum rehabilitation program and public participation.

Surat

The second city on the Ethiopian delegations' itinerary was Surat, the 9th largest city in India and 2nd largest city in Gujarat. The team visited the Solid Waste Management (SWM) site in Surat to understand the process of converting waste into green fuel, eco bricks and compost where local civic officers, engineers and site operators provided technical knowledge about the process. The delegation also studied the door-to-door garbage collection program to understand the concept of Public Private Partnership including financial share for collection, transportation and disposal of solid waste.