Research

UMC has collaborated with various local government bodies and independent organizations to conduct research and survey for projects undertaken at various levels and on issues related to urban planning. UMC believes that with assessment of current situation, local bodies can measure the infrastructure capacity of cities and provide services as per requirements. UMC has also conducted research and survey for cities in the South Asian region.

Economic Growth of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) commissioned the Urban Institute (UI) and International City/County Management Association (ICMA) in 2005 to compile a detailed study on rejuvenating economic growth of Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) under the Sustainable Urban Management-II (SUM-II) Contract; ICMA commissioned ICRA Management Consulting Services (IMaCS) as a sub-consultant on this project. The report focuses on effective strategies to promote economic growth and the importance of providing specialized support to key growth sectors in the MMR. The report was developed by assembling and analyzing secondary data on MMR and its economy from a variety of economic surveys and databases; reviewing relevant reports and publications on economic change and development approaches; consulting experts on economic development and interviewing professionals and industry experts. The report provided a vision for MMR's growth, identified the economic sectors to be targeted for the success of the vision and gave recommendations to MMR.

India Urban Initiatives; prepared by Urban Management Center, International City/County Management Association, United States Agency for International Development

Developing Communication Strategy for Effective SWM in Mumbai

Under USAID's India Urban Initiatives contract undertaken by UMC/ICMA, the Center for Environment Education (CEE) was employed to develop an effective communication strategy for effective Solid Waste Management (SWM) Mumbai in partnership with the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM), All India Institute of Local Self Government (AIILSG) and Mumbai Task Force (MTF) along with inputs on technical aspects. CEE designed and implemented a cleanliness campaign for the city of Mumbai which included refining the Mumbai solid waste master plan, implementation plan, waste management strategy with focus on reduction, reuse, recycling and refuse, composting options and technological options for waste disposal. As part of the project, CEE assisted in providing best practices from across the world to be used as guidelines. The involved agencies documented individual steps of the project to encompass the various stages. The project involved literary research related to different aspects of SWM and reference for the project, analysis of the situation and citizens' involvement, identifying stakeholders and their roles, networking and documentation. Material was developed and communication strategy drafted as per the need of the project. The research also presented case studies from Mumbai supporting the main objective — recycling debris at the CIDCO-YUVA Building Centre, a study of Godrej Industry's successful implementation of waste management, development of Maharashtra Nature Park from a dumping ground to an environment education centre and formation of Mumbai's first local area citizens group 'Pastom Sagar Citizen's Forum'.

India Urban Initiatives; prepared by Urban Management Center, International City/County Management Association, United States Agency for International Development, Centre for Environmental Education

Workforce Development and Mainstreaming the Informal Sector in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region

A study to evaluate the issue of employment generation in the city of Mumbai, the objective of the project was to evaluate the employment sector in the city and the contribution of slum areas and informal economy in the development of the city’s economy. The study was planned and executed within three months – February to April 2007. Participating organizations concentrated their studies on three slum areas of the city – Dharavi, Kurla and Vakola - and conducted detailed survey of the working conditions, economic and industrial infrastructure and related factors in the areas. Data was collected through observation, unstructured interviews and focus group discussions. In Dharavi, the study concentrated on the food processing industry, leather units, garments and embroidery industries and the plight of workers involved in this industry. In all three slum areas, the research found the need to address the aspect of micro level finance. Street vendors of Mumbai and their effect on the urban economy were also studied as part of the project. The final analysis of the data collected revealed the need for mainstreaming informal employment; need to discuss training as per various industries, employment generation and low cost housing.

India Urban Initiatives; Prepared for USAID on behalf of Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai

Capacity Enhancement Needs Assessment (CENA), Urban Sector Capacity Assessment Report

UMC was selected to conduct a Capacity Enhancement and Needs Assessment (CENA) study for Gujarat Urban Development Company (GUDC) to help frame a mechanism for 'Institutionalizing the capacity building’ process. This study was part of GUDC's preparation for the government of Gujarat's project under the World Bank's urban sector development loan. The overall aim of the project is to improve the level, quality and sustainability of Urban Areas, with a focus on upgradation of civic infrastructure, enhancement of services and their delivery, citizen participation in urban processes. UMC conducted variety of interviews, group discussions, SWOT analysis workshops, diagnostic tools of self assessment, secondary survey of training institutions etc. as part of the assessment. The target groups comprised urban stakeholders including elected officials, commissioner and other officials in charge for training, environment and social aspects, departmental heads and training providers etc. UMC suggested strategies, made East Kolkata wetlands (EKWL) situated in the eastern fringesuggestions about the role of institutions, functions of human resources, made recommendations regarding financial management, proposed methods to broaden citizens' involvement among others.

Prepared for Gujarat Urban Development Company by Urban Management Centre in association with International City/County Management Association

 

Achieving Total Sanitation in Urban Gujarat: Policy Approched by the State Government

UMC conducted a study for Delhi based Centre for Policy Research titled ‘Achieving Total Sanitation in Urban Gujarat: Policy Approaches by the State Government’. The study traced the state’s various programs and initiatives on urban sanitation over the past fifteen years. The objective of the paper was to understand the objectives, operational aspects of various schemes, outputs and to present learning for other states. The paper briefly outlines the evolution of urban sanitation programs and policies in India in the last few decades and then, examines in detail, the approach, policies and programs adopted by the Government of Gujarat with a vision of achieving total sanitation in the State.

Prepared by Urban Management Centre under Centre for Policy Research, Delhi 

 

Research on Women Hand-Lorry Workers in Ahmedabad 

UMC conducted a survey-based research study for Oak Foundation on women hand-lorry workers in Ahmedabad. There are close to 1000 women hand-lorry pullers in Ahmedabad, largely concentrated around the old city area. These hand-lorry workers play a significant role in the urban freight sector by providing the crucial last mile connectivity between markets, godowns and wholesale dealers. Through the study, recommendations were made to improve outreach of policies and programs, better coordination among various govt. departments, ensuring access to welfare schemes and strengthening community organizations and services.

Prepared by Urban Management Centre under Oak Foundation with support of Initiative for Transport & Development Programs (ITD)